1. In the 1960’s, patients suffering from fits of epilepsy were made to go through operations to dissect their corpus callosum (to cut loose and separate their left and right brain hemispheres) to control seizures, and as a side effect, the 2 brain hemispheres showed signs that there were separate spiritual entities residing in each half of the brain.
By all accounts, these entities lacked any direct communication between them nor was there any swapping of sides in the 2 hemispheres, because the connecting organ, or corpus callosum, was completely severed.
With these ideas, I have tried to develop a theory on the mechanics of how brain chatter works, in which the corpus callosum becomes clogged up as the Id tries to create an enclosed sanctuary in the right hemisphere, and the 2 hemispheres become semi-insulated from one another, somehow to resemble a split-brain situation.
2. More than a century has passed since 1900, when Freud published the Interpretation of Dreams, in which he discussed the role of the unconscious, and the years, from 1915 to 1917, when he gave lectures at the University of Vienna on Introductory Psychoanalysis. Given the serious threat that mental illness poses in civil society today, it must be time to bid farewell to old taboos, inhibitions and squeamishness, and start discussing the second spiritual entity in a more open, dispassionate and objective way.
After all, if left untreated, mental disorder may sometimes trigger violence and, in extreme cases, acts of terrorism, due to stressfulness from and coaxed by antisocial messages emanating from the Id.
Accordingly, new, diverse ways of treating mental illness should be developed with a sense of urgency, to complement the use of antipsychotic drugs. This may include an approach that recognizes the existence of the Id within every person, that may be equated with the “animal within,” and its collective implications.
3. Short of mental illness and disorder, there is the increasingly rampant and difficult problem of persistent hazing, bullying and personal abuse in school among children and students, as well as among young adults at their place of work, sometimes leading to tragic cases of suicide. Many of these cases must be attributed to the workings of the Id within the victim, that provokes the community of Ids in the vicinity to show disapproval and express displeasure toward the victim.
4. We should also beware that in this age of globalized communications on the internet, including SNS, that assail the user with simple yes/no questions, there is an ever-increasing margin of maneuver for the Id to sway important personal decisions, by giving rise to a sudden urge or impulse on the darker side, especially if the decisions are taken by a simple click on a mouse or by typing simple words on keyboard attached to PC and smartphones.
5. Accordingly, given the remarkable recent developments and exciting new discoveries in neuroscience, we should strive for progress to unveil the mystery of the Id and to efface the stigma attached to mental illness and related phenomena. (If there can be scientific proof of the existence of the Id in people’s minds, that should be worthy of such honors as the Nobel prize.) In this context, the collective subconscious, that makes itself felt by everyone in mass psychology, may provide us with the more obvious clues.
6. A point to be kept in mind is that, in this area, there is an extra factor of complication, that the Id resides in every individual without fail.
This means that people who access information aimed at approaching the truth about the Id and its identity, including this very compilation, are always subject to the influence of their own Id and its reactions.
Let R (Ego, Id) represent the reader perusing through In Search of the Id. Ego (R) may be taking the initiative, but Id(R) will simultaneously be following the ideas contained, perhaps with curiosity and interest. If Id(R) finds, for some reason, that this compilation does not work to its interest, Id(R) may start to discourage R from turning the pages and, if further displeased, make R stop reading altogether.
The next step may be to somehow discredit the information contained and, furthermore, to work on the author so that he will slow down and be prevented from pursuing the subject.
That may have been one of the reasons why psychoanalysis went out of fashion in the late 20th century, so that people should be kept away from the truth about the Id and its role and activities in human society, not to speak of the possibility of inappropriate relationships developing between the patient and the analyst, and the development of new and effective antipsychotic drugs.
7. However, in this age of drastic climate change characterized by frequent natural disasters on an unprecedented scale, mankind may have reached the point where it must face the truth about the human spirit and its composition as a matter of survival, because there is no end to victimized people coming down with depression and mental illness caused by the Id, so that they are an increasingly heavy burden on human society.
The spiritual entities known as the Id must understand this point and be resigned to uncovering the truth about its role and identity; they are no longer averse to being openly discussed, and must look forward to coming out into the open, so that the Ego will have a better understanding on the existence of the Id, and that good relations with the Id are essential for mental health.
Consequently, the Ego and the Id may find new ways of working together, so that good health and living standards may be maintained even under climate change, if not for sheer survival at times of disaster.
8. In searching for ways to deal with the Id and the mental health problems it may cause, it must also be time to look into the strengths and virtues of Oriental medicine and healing practices.
Nowadays, to complement prescription drugs and medication to treat mental disorders, there is the option of resorting to Oriental methods including Zen meditation, acupuncture, moxibustion, shiatsu, bathing in hot springs and yoga.
(a) In China and other countries in Asia, Oriental medicine is enjoying a revival, and nowadays recognized as having a complementary, if not central, role to play in hospitals and clinics. It comes into use especially in the treatment of disorders of the nervous system and, for example, acupuncture may be used to replace or complement chemical anesthetics during surgery. Such practices seem to be gaining popularity in the Western world as well, as a colorful and practical facet of globalization.
(b) In contrast to Western medicine, which has relied on understanding the human body through dissection and on surgery for treatment, as well as on the use of drugs and antibiotics to control bacteria and viruses, especially since Louis Pasteur, Oriental medicine takes a more holistic approach, viewing the human body as a single system, where malfunctioning is attributed to imbalances among the different forces that interact.
(c) The Oriental approach seems to allow for a deeper understanding of the intricate network channels of the nervous system that pervade the body, whereby electrical impulses are carried back and forth between the brain, spine, and the rest of the body.
It emphasizes “reverse engineering” by applying pressure and stimulation on “pressure points” found in crucial places within the nervous system, and this seems to work effectively to rein in the Id and keep it under control, as the resulting electrical impulses quickly reach the Id seated at the higher end, within the cerebral system, to discourage any mischievous behavior.
9. As a point of caution, the analysis below is based on a male individual, and may not be immediately applicable to females, said to be able to use the 2 brain hemispheres in a more combined fashion.
A. To carry the ideas of Sigmund Freud and his successors still further, all humans are endowed with 2 spiritual entities, the conscious mind referred to as the Ego, and the subconscious mind, referred to as the Id.
The Id is probably the author and director of dreams, and since dreams are a universal phenomenon, so too, must be the existence of the Id.
B. In the case of dissected brains, separate spiritual entities have been observed in each brain hemisphere; they must be the Ego and the Id.
Likewise, in the case of normal, non-dissected brains, when a person is awake, the Ego may move in and out to access either brain hemisphere, but at any given moment in time, the Ego may occupy only one of them; the other hemisphere tends to be vacant, unless the Id fills in, for some reason. MRI images that show simultaneous firing in the 2 hemispheres may be evidence that the Ego and the Id are being active at the same time.
(This inference is made because everyone is prone to the momentarily shifting optical illusion that happens when different and inconsistent images are caught by the left and right eyes, respectively. This illusion is caused by binocular rivalry, which probably happens when the Ego, unsure what to make of the contradictory images cast into the left and right hemispheres, attempts to gain a more comprehensive view by shifting position from one brain hemisphere to another; if the Ego were able to grasp the images cast in each of the 2 hemispheres at once, binocular rivalry would not occur.)
C. The Ego and the Id respectively have a role to play for the smooth functioning of the body, for muscle activity, and for socializing.
The salient characteristic of the Ego must be that it is based in the prefrontal cortex (human brain) endowed with the capacity to think in terms of morals, ethics and philosophy, and this may be deficient in case of the Id.
This is exactly the reason why the Ego must have the upper hand over the Id, to live as a human being and not just as any other animal.
D. Only the Ego has the capacity to move the limbs and other voluntary muscles. There is a crossing of functions, so that the Ego must control the limbs on one side of the body by using the brain hemisphere on the opposite side. Accordingly, the Ego must transfer itself from one hemisphere to the other, whenever it wants to move limbs on another side.
This can be applied for reverse engineering, i.e. the Ego can be deliberately transferred to that particular brain hemisphere fit for the occasion, by moving the fingers (or toes ) on the other side of the body.
E. For speaking out, the native language areas located most often within the left side of the brain must be employed. Thus, it will be easiest for the Ego to speak out if it happens to be within the left hemisphere; the situation will change as the Ego transfers itself from one side of the brain to the other, to move limbs on opposite sides of the body.
Similarly, for singing out and producing music, it will be easier for the Ego to be located within the right hemisphere.
F. In a healthy individual in spiritual terms, the Id collaborates with the Ego in throwing the voice and speaking out for self-expression, to produce the single characteristic voice of the individual. This creates the mistaken impression that there is but 1 spiritual entity residing within.
G. The Id plays an important role in pronunciation and diction, and mental health problems may start when it becomes uncooperative in this context, and starts to explore substitute ways of venting its energy, including brain chatter.
H. Brain chatter may be a consequence of an artificial blockage of the corpus callosum, so that communication between the left and right hemispheres is obstructed and the Id starts to take advantage of the situation, as if the individual had suddenly become a split-brain patient.
I. A good point to remember when trying to control and rein in the Id may be that, the Id is most often seated in the right brain hemisphere, and recognizes the opposite, left eye, as its own.
J. With new, effective drugs continuously being developed, the chances of recovery from mental illness are dramatically improving. All the same, Oriental practices including Shiatsu should be added to the menu as effective alternatives, as they seem to better understand how the Id exerts influence over the body and mind, employing a physically direct, hands-on approach to recover control over the Id.
K. Also useful should be a diplomatic approach that treats the Id as an integral part of the spirit that should be treated with humanity, with emphasis on improving relations between the Ego and the Id; “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.”
L. The Ids present in every individual collectively form their own groups, with their own set of social rules. Carl Jung was the pioneer who expounded such an idea, and this has been termed the “collective subconscious.”
If a group of 4 people are represented as [(E, I), (E, I), (E, I), (E, I)] in terms of spiritual makeup, the 4 I’s form the collective subconscious.
Given this super-structure, one can call for help against the Id from the collective subconscious, in silent mode.
M. Over the longer term, there must be a consistency between the morals, ethics and philosophy upheld by the Ego, and the collective values prized by the collective subconscious, that attaches priority to reproduction and propagation. This may be assured by a continuing process of education that extends into adulthood, well after an individual leaves school.
N. With regard to the problem of hazing, bullying and personal abuse, the victim’s own Id is highly suspect as being the culprit; the Id for some reason tries to seek vengeance on the Ego by provoking the collective subconscious in the immediate vicinity.
Measures to control the Id for treating mental health problems could be applied to help people who are picked on or discriminated on as misfits or outcasts.
『In Search of the Id (Introduction)』 フランシス・ローレライ 作