Male and Female Psychology (男女の心理学)

フランシス・ローレライ

男女の心理の違いに関しては、多種多様の分析があろうが、ここでは精神分析学の応用研究に基づき、男性と女性の「意識」と「無意識」とは、時として逆転した関係となるので、男女の思考方法の違いが強調されがち、との結論である。

「男性は、一度に一つの事しか考えられない」と言われるが、実は(左右の脳半球に挟まれた)「間脳」を根拠とする無意識(エス)が、(前頭葉を根拠とする)意識(自我)の左右運動を妨げるのだろう。例えば自我が左脳を活用している場合、反対側の右脳にエスが入ってしまうので、自我が右脳に移動しようとしても、エスの抵抗に遭ってしまう。

他方、女性は子供を産み、育てるとの重要な役割を担うため、「意識」に関しては、生殖機能を担う「エス」がその役割を果たす場面も多い。特に仕事の枠外で男性を前にした場合、女性はエスが言葉で意思表示する事が多く、その場合、女性の「無意識」(=男性の意識)は敢えて邪魔しない。するとエスによる脳半球間の左右移動は円滑、左右に蓄積された情報検索も効率的となり、口達者で「かしましい」女性が生まれるのだろう。

但し就業中、あるいは学術的・論理的な話題ならば、女性の「無意識」(=男性の意識)が会話の主導権を握る筈である。
なお筆者は男性であり、女子会の場合については知る術もない。

(注)diencephalon = 間脳。corpus callosum = (左右の脳半球を繋ぐ)脳梁。
frontal lobe = 前頭葉。(prefrontal cortex = 前頭葉の一部である前頭前皮質) thalami = 視床(複数形)。

Introduction

1. By all accounts, females are adept at using their left and right brain hemispheres simultaneously, in combined fashion, so that they are experts at considering a problem from a multilateral perspective, including implications on personal safety and security; this sets them apart from the males, whose thinking tends to be focused on and restricted to one topic at a given moment.

2. Furthermore, from daily experience with female family members, one is apt to be curious on why, in certain family-like situations outside the place of work, females are liable to change their mood all of a sudden in the presence of males. Sometimes in a fit of hysteria or panic, they may depart from logical thinking without forewarning and start to address people in a selfish and domineering manner, and then calm down all of a sudden without explanation.

3. In discussing female psychology, one must be able to explain the following:

(1) How female behavior comes to be heavily influenced by the motherly instinct, with focus on reproduction, rearing children and raising families;

(2) Why do females tend to be talkative and show better aptitude over males in the use of languages?

(3) What is the significance of activities preferred by females, such as traveling for pleasure and gastronomy, cooking and eating, wearing gold, silver and precious stones, looking at mirrors?

4. Although the concepts of male and female are often treated as if gender differences could be recognized without ambiguity, it must be admitted that individual differences are diverse, so that some men may think and behave in ways “characteristic” of women and vice versa, with varying degrees of similarity.

5. One must also point out that, since this writer happens to be male, there are obvious limits and constraints when trying to understand the spiritual makeup in the opposite sex.

So this is educated guesswork in the primitive stages and may provoke different female reactions, causing them to adjust their behavior toward the writer, depending on whether or not they approve of the content. This in turn will influence how the writer understands them, thus creating an indefinitely continuing loop or algorithm. This means, comments are most welcome.


I. Hypothesis : Female Consciousness is Flexible


1. We shall assume that males and females are both endowed with 2 spiritual entities, the Ego and the Id.

Normally, in males, the Ego is the consciousness, and the Id, the subconscious. The latter notion was proposed by Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, to describe repressed feelings based on traumatic childhood memories, but here, the same word is used to describe a spiritual entity with a more active and all-encompassing influence on bodily functions, feelings and mental health in general.

By all accounts, the Ego may be considered to be based in the frontal lobe, and to be more precise, in the prefrontal cortex (the human brain) within. From there, it extends its network into other areas of the brain, including the motor cortex.

The Id must be based in the diencephalon or interbrain, enmeshed in between the 2 cerebral hemispheres. In more precise terms, the Id must reside in the limbic system (mammalian brain) that includes the thalamus, hypothalamus, hippocampus and amygdala, because the functions of the Id, such as homeostasis and reproduction, are known to be strongly associated with that area.

2. Analyses based on MRI images of male and female brains have led to the conclusion that, while males tend to use one hemisphere at a time, females are inclined to use both hemispheres together. This is because while, in male brains, activated neurons fire within 1 brain hemisphere at a time, in female brains, neurons tend to fire back and forth between the left and the right hemispheres, in zigzag fashion.

Females must use the 2 hemispheres of their brains as an integral unit, and this leads to quick thinking on an issue from different angles and perspectives, including personal safety and security in the presence of males.

3. Male Mechanism

(1) In typical males, unless the individual is engaged in work or tasks involving manipulation of the voluntary muscles, inclusive of sport and physical exercise, so that the Ego is actively using both brain hemispheres, communication between the 2 hemispheres tends to become inefficient.

This is because, in an immobile situation, the male Ego is apt to concentrate on using either one of these hemispheres, but not both, and the male Id will access whichever half is being less utilized by the Ego, and try to keep that side of the brain for itself. In fact, the Id may even extend itself into the corpus callosum and establish its presence there. As a result, the Id becomes a barrier that has to be dislodged each time the Ego tries to transfer itself laterally, to access the opposite hemisphere.

(2) For example, if the Ego is using the left hemisphere (L), the Id will extend its network into the opposite, right hemisphere (R); when the Ego tries to shift from L to R, the Id ‘s presence in R will block lateral movement. The situation will be worse if the Id has the corpus callosum under control.

However, as the Ego persistently tries to shift itself from L to R, the Id will be resigned to withdrawing its “tentacles” from R into the diencephalon, and then, at long last, the Ego will be able to access R. Consequently, L becomes vacant, so the Id transfers its locus laterally across the diencephalon to extend its network into L.

(3)Thus, there exists a circuit consisting of the left hemisphere, the corpus callosum, the right hemisphere, the diencephalon, and back to the left hemisphere that the Id uses for swapping hemispheres without being detected by the Ego.

Because the Ego cannot enter the diencephalon, the Ego switches its locus to and from, clockwise and counter-clockwise, to access the 2 hemispheres in alternating fashion across the corpus callosum, while the Id uses this circuit, inclusive of the diencephalon, to access the hemisphere just vacated by the Ego.

There is no regularity in terms of frequency, because everything depends on the activities the individual is engaged in, and in typical males, the Id is apt to become an obstacle in terms of speed.

(4) A primary motivation for the Id to access that particular brain hemisphere not in immediate use by the Ego may be, to get an early glimpse of the world outside, by accessing visual information being gathered within that hemisphere.

(5) From a longer time point of view, the Id is driven to work on a daily basis according to the dictates of the Ego, as long as an individual is engaged in voluntary muscle movement, because it is responsible for maintaining homeostasis. Thus the Id, sick and tired of serfdom, may try to apply the brakes and reverse the mechanism.

As a first step, the Id may to try to discourage work, tasks and activities, including sport and physical exercise, that require voluntary muscle movement, so that the Ego will vacate either hemisphere, for the Id to exploit.

Then the next step should be to drive the Ego completely out, and this will happen during sleep. This means, it is in the Id’s interest for the person to fall asleep, and then it may indulge in dream creation.

Cf. The Id may be considered as the author and producer of dreams, and since they occur during sleep, the Id is able to use the 2 cerebral hemispheres together without hindrance, because the Ego’s presence is kept to a minimum. This must be the reason why dreams tend to be flamboyant and nonsensical, as memories stored in both hemispheres of the brain are mobilized at random, to create stories without any logical sequence or foundation.


4. Female Mechanism


(1) Females are generally endowed with a larger corpus callosum than males, and this serves as an advantage, enabling better communication between the 2 halves of the brain.

(2) The female Id must have a stronger influence than the male Id over the individual because of its biological role and responsibility over life processes associated with reproduction, i.e. courtship and mating, conceiving, giving birth and rearing children.

(3) If and when appropriate, the female Id will take on the role of the consciousness, notably to represent the individual in speech, to address others verbally, just like the male Ego. This may include a courtship situation with an eligible bachelor or, for that matter, in the company of any males outside the realm of work or duty, for security considerations too.

(a) In such situations, the female Ego becomes a subtle and quiet existence, in order to give the Id full powers to represent the individual in speech; the Ego will refrain from or will be prevented from throwing out its voice and withdraw into the prefrontal cortex, lest it should get in the Id’s way, while it holds the microphone.

(b) In this case, the Id will move about freely between the 2 brain hemispheres via either (the intermediate mass of) the diencephalon or the corpus callosum, or both, so that the 2 hemispheres can be used as a single and efficient unit, without interference from the Ego; there is no “musical chairs” situation between the left and right hemispheres, as in males.

(c) When the Id holds the microphone, females can efficiently retrieve memories stored in either of the brain hemispheres and use the information when speaking out; males, during conversation, may have more difficulty in searching for information, especially if the information happens to be stored in the right hemisphere, i.e. at a distance from the Ego when it uses the left hemisphere to engage in speech.

(4) On the question of how the female Id will behave when the Ego is in control of the vocal chords to be the speaker, this may be a rather grey area.

After all, when female individuals try to think logically in formal, workplace situations, they may not be given to chattering impulsively, but behave in ways very similar to males; they will try to concentrate their minds within the purview of the logical, left hemisphere. However, it may not be easy to tell whether or not the Id is inside the opposite, right hemisphere.

This is because, when females suddenly try to change the line of argument, the speaker could either be the Id that has suddenly started to speak out of the right hemisphere, or the Ego that has swiftly moved into the right hemisphere, and it will be difficult to tell which is the case.


II. Re-Classification


1. Now we can depart from a simple classification into males and females and broaden our horizons, admitting to the fact that the idea of 2 genders without ambiguity, diversity, or exceptional cases, must be much over-simplified, especially given differences in the way the Id appears in speech.

2. Thus, we may reclassify people roughly into 4 categories, according to the degree to which the Id appears in speech and conversation.

A. Super-masculine or super-logical : The Ego is almost always the one to speak out.

B. Masculine, or logical : The Ego is the main speaker, but the Id sometimes ventures to speak out and makes itself heard.

C. Feminine, or instinctive : The Id is the main speaker, and the Ego comes out to speak out from time to time.

D. Super-feminine or super-instinctive: The Id is almost always the one to speak out.

3. It must be mentioned that people may behave very differently depending on the setting and context, i.e. time, place and occasion, and therefore, individuals may fall under a certain category during the day, then belong to a different category in the evening, i.e. it is possible for Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde to be 2 facets of the same individual.

In fact, female behavior may change depending on whether they are in the company of males, or happen to be with females only. Therefore, the male impression that, for females, the Id tends to do the talking (so that there is a self-assertive but capricious flavor in female conversation), may be due to their ignorance on when and where the female Ego may come out to address people; males may have no way of knowing how females behave in the company of females only, and when security, courtship, or competition with the opposite sex are not at issue.

4. In the context of longer timeframes covering different stages in life, such as infancy, childhood, puberty, teenager, adulthood, maturity, middle-age and elderly, people may belong to different categories.

(1) The Id seems to make a blatant appearance from the onset of puberty until sexual maturity, during which it must contribute to the beginning of menstrual cycles, changes in voice, and emotional instability as a teenager.

(2) Things should generally settle down at the age of about 18 years, so that there is a measure of stability and self-restraint as an adult.

Most people may lead their lives without being conscious of the Id (or sex drive, practically speaking) so often, unless the situation expressly pertains to courtship and sex.

(3) After the age or 55 or above, when a person approaches the end of his or her reproductive life, the Id seems to make its presence felt in malicious ways, so as to have a detrimental influence on health in general, including hormone balance, and contribute to a steady trend of physical and intellectual decline, depending on whether the individual can continue to make contributions to the family, friends and associates.

(4) At this stage, the Id seems to send out the message that, “Now that you are too old personally to contribute to reproduction, you must contribute to the family, society and prosperity in other ways. Otherwise, you had better start to withdraw from the community, become reclusive, and plan to disappear in good time, because you may be nothing more than a big burden.”

5. The Super-Instinctive

(1) Whether the Ego or the Id plays the role of the consciousness or the sub-conscious depends entirely on whichever is more dominant in speech and conversation.

(2) In the case of super-instinctive people (case D), it is the Id, based in the diencephalon, and not the Ego, based in the prefrontal cortex, that speaks out. The individual may exhibit a very self-centered mannerism that may not be so logical and behave in a very egoistical way, with utmost concern over not losing out to peers and colleagues in the “struggle for survival” in terms of physical security and economic well-being.

The dominant consciousness is the Id, and the subconscious, relegated to a silent and passive, secondary role, the Ego.

(3) If the development of a human fetus into a human being before birth can provide us with clues on the process of evolution, the mammalian brain (the diencephalon) where the Id must be based, must predate the human brain (the neocortex) wherein lies the sanctuary of the Ego.

Then, from the Id’s point of view, the Ego must be a freak of nature, because the Id, based in the mammalian brain, is responsible for the daily running of bodily functions for survival and reproduction, and the Ego is just an appendage, haphazardly created in the course of evolution.

In fact, the Ego may appear to be nothing but a parasite that is entirely unaware and ignorant of how the host organism works, and this parasite became increasingly self-assertive as mankind came to develop sophisticated languages and began to think in abstract terms.

6. Brain Chatter

(1) Given the above categorization, one may make the inference that those who develop brain chatter after adulthood, as to be diagnosed with mental illness, may tend to be either A (the super-logical) or D (the super-instinctive), given observations that the most serious mindset are likely to be afflicted.

(2) In both cases, there will be entity, i.e. the Id or the Ego, that completely lacks self-expression through speech, so that, with its frustration beyond limit, this entity will start to vent complaints and achieve emotional release through brain chatter.

(3) Thus, when males experience brain chatter, it must come from the Id, and for females, from the Ego.

Such a formulation may set us wondering whether brain chatter in females may have a more benign and humane character than in males, as the perpetrator is not the Id but the Ego, based in the prefrontal cortex and competent to think in terms of moral values, ethics and philosophy.


III. Collectivized Subconscious protects Females


Given the tendency of the Id to come out to speak in the case of females, we are faced with the problem that, since the Id has no access to the prefrontal cortex, a preserve of the Ego, it is apparent that, when speech is taken over by the Id, they will speak out primarily from animal instincts, without regard for moral or ethical considerations handled exclusively in the prefrontal cortex, and there must be some form of remedy to deal with this.

1. Because females are generally less well-endowed in terms of body size and muscular strength, they may feel an extra sense of insecurity compared to the men. Accordingly, they will tend to stick to one another and move in these groups, to form a collective security system.

2. Collectivized Subconscious

Furthermore, there seems to be a silent form of communication among the female Ids, using what is tantamount to the “silent megaphone” in males afflicted with schizophrenia. Because this occurs without throwing voices audible in the normal sense, it is undetectable and passes unnoticed by the males.

The general cluster of Ids thus formed can be called the collectivized subconscious. (This is different from the entity described as the “collective unconscious” by Carl Jung, based on archetypes.).

(1) An important rationale for the collectivized subconscious must be to protect the females with their crucial biological role, coupled with comparatively smaller bodies, limited muscular strength and lack of access to the prefrontal cortex by the Id, that tends to exercise an overarching influence over them, probably more often than in the case of males.

(2) For one thing, they must be protected from undesirable males who may forcibly try to approach and couple, be advised on how to behave during their monthly periods, when they conceive and prepare to give birth to children.

(3) The collectivized subconscious in family groups and communities will try to constrain and protect its members through formal and informal education, social training and religious teachings, not to speak of on-the-spot scolding, with both spoken and unspoken guidance.

(4) Given the protective role of the collectivized subconscious over women, this group entity may have greater sway in those societies where women are relegated to a lower social status compared to the men.

This is because, if women’s rights and well-being are sufficiently protected by law and customs, and their voice in society assured so that they can be outspoken in demanding equal rights with the men, there may be no urgent need for the collectivized subconscious to work its way through the community by tacit means of communication. Then the collectivized subconscious may remain passive and inert, until such times as when women find their livelihood threatened by changing circumstances, sometimes brought in by outsiders.

(5) Over the long run, the collectivized subconscious may be considered as the cradle of conservatism, or the innate force in communities and societies that tries to assure there will be a measure of continuity in life-style, traditions and collective values to be handed down to posterity, despite the ubiquitous generation gap, due to constant innovation as well as to changes in climate and environment.


IV. Conclusion


1. The differences between males and females pertain to the fact that females give offspring and that males tend to be larger, with superior muscular strength, and this results in a sense of extra insecurity for females, leading to somewhat different roles for the Ego and the Id.

In females, while the Ego retains control over muscular movement and locomotion as well as exclusive competence in moralistic thinking, just as in the case of males, the Id may have a comparatively greater role in vocalized speech and in decision-making, especially in cases where physical insecurity and/or the motherly instinct are involved.

2. In any group of people given the task of making important decisions, if the membership consists of both female and male members, then the female members may find their Ids not only to be the main speakers, but also unwilling to let go of the microphone in case of a male presence, which adds to considerations of security and physical safety, unless the males are outnumbered.

3. Given such tendencies, one may point to the following female characteristics:

(1) If left to themselves, females are liable to come under the domination of the Id, obsessed with reproduction, propagation and extra security, especially in times of crisis.

(2) This may result in an unwelcome flavor at times of decision making; if females come to sway the general mood in meetings and congregations, the drive to achieve extra security may encourage divisiveness, prejudice and discrimination.

(3) Given smooth and unimpeded connections between the left and right hemispheres, the female consciousness may swing back and forth rapidly between the 2 hemispheres when engaged in conversation or in thought.

This may be an asset when trying to identify issues from diverse angles, but a liability when trying to focus on a new, complicated problem for research and analysis, especially to find a practical, step-by-step solution. This is because sporadic use of the 2 hemispheres tends to distract attention and get in the way of deep, rigorous thinking that may require persistent use of the left hemisphere .

This means, left to themselves, women may spend precious time chattering in front of a problem without being able to reach a definitive conclusion, unless they have faced the same problem before and already learned from experience.

4. Given global warming, climate change and frequent natural disasters of great magnitude, females, while seeking equal rights, opportunities and social standing with the males, may not long subsist in exclusively female groups at times of crisis, as males will always be required to come in to offer assistance with their larger bodies, superior muscular strength and other talents including rigorous thinking, to save peoples’ lives and livelihood.

5. If so, males and females must understand each other’s strengths and weaknesses, and try to complement and support each other. They must try to peacefully coexist in a spirit of cooperation and collaboration, and work together to create a stable and resilient social community, fulfilling the needs of reproduction and propagation, while making sure the group makes a swift and timely adaptation to the constantly changing environment, without being cornered into narrow-mindedness or discrimination.

6. When speaking with members of the opposite sex, it may be a good idea to choose a particular brain hemisphere for listening comprehension, as follows:

(1) For the males, it may be a good idea to use the right brain hemisphere when having a conversation with females, because the primary motivation for women, when they speak out, may be to gain the understanding and sympathy of their conversation partners, especially to convey how much toil and trouble they had to go through in carrying out a task, including the emotional insecurity involved, rather than to make a point of logic or reasoning to show how clever they are. For this purpose, move about and fidget with the fingers on the left hand or the toes on the left side.

(2) For the females, it may be preferable to use the left hemisphere when listening to male speech, because males tend to be insulated inside their left hemisphere, adapted to logic and reasoning, when speaking out, and it will be easier to follow their contentions if the same hemisphere is being used. For this purpose, move about and fidget with the fingers on the right hand or the toes on the right side.

7. The importance of education for youngsters of both sexes cannot be over-emphasized. Besides tuition of traditional subjects such as reading, writing and arithmetic, it should be important to cover moral values, ethics and philosophy, so that pupils and students may have a basic guidance or a code of conduct on how to behave in a complex social situation, to keep oneself within acceptable behavior patterns recognizable by the elders.

To this should be added basic knowledge on procreation and the opposite sex, to cast away any unneeded curiosity, to minimize the chances of misunderstanding and boorish behavior.

8. While education, by definition, may have conservative overtones, one should again be keenly aware that, in this age of drastic climate change and cataclysmic natural disasters, the relevance of a static perspective of society, on the assumption that life continues on with progress but with regularity and predictability, may all the more have to be put to question, lest conservative views get in the way of adaptation that may be needed for sheer survival.


(Addendum) Double Speaker Hypothesis (Cases B and C)


Given the 4 types of people classified above, the following mechanism may apply to those who belong to category B (masculine or logical) and C (feminine or instinctive) and explain how it is possible for the Ego and the Id to speak out in alternating fashion.

1. Main Line of Thinking

(1)The Ego and the Id may be active in dispersed fashion within the 2 brain hemispheres at a given moment and, from time to time, the Id may venture out to address people instead of the Ego. That may be why females are prone to change mood all of a sudden, without warning.

(2) There may appear to be a clear-cut division of labor between the Ego and the Id; the conscious mind, or the Ego, is responsible largely for locomotion, speech and thinking, and the subconscious mind, referred to as the Id, must look after the daily running of the body’s internal functions, including those linked with reproduction.

However, one may come to the conclusion that, with regard to speech, not only the Ego but also the Id may throw its voice to make itself heard, possibly on an equal footing with the Ego; the Id must also pick up the microphone at times, to speak out as a temporary substitute for the Ego.

2. Finding the Ego and the Id

With regard to the focal points of the Ego and the Id inside the cerebral cortex, one should keep in mind the following points for males, and which should be of reference when considering the case in females:

(1) Singular Use of Hemispheres

(a) For the typical male, the Ego is inept at using the 2 hemispheres at once, or simultaneously as an integrated unit, and is limited to utilizing either half of the brain at a given moment, i.e. [E, 0] or [0,E], in exaggerated terms.

(b) There may be immediate objections however, pointing out that during tasks such as using knives and forks during meals, knitting, playing musical instruments, etc., people use both hands together all the time, and therefore must be able to use the left and right brain hemispheres simultaneously.

Then, the following explanations may come to mind:

-----At any given moment during activities that require the simultaneous use of the left and right hands, 1 of the hands is chosen as the “star player” and main focus of attention, responsible for carrying out the more sophisticated and complicated task among the 2 hands, and the Ego will be in the brain hemisphere fit and proper for controlling this star player.

This should normally be the right hand for right-handed people and the left hand, for southpaws.

-----The remaining hand may move in close correlation with the star player, but need not be under close scrutiny because its task is easier, perhaps a simple, repetitive sequence under the control of the cerebellum.

-----Some people are able to carry out unbelievably complicated tasks using all hands and feet together, as playing a difficult composition on the piano with full use of the pedals. However, they are categorized as “skilled workers” who have gone through a long and arduous process of training. In this case, all finger and other movements are memorized and made automatic, so that there is fully efficient use of the brain including the cerebellum.

(2) Switching Hemispheres

(a) During physical exercise including locomotion, using hands and feet on both sides of the body, the male Ego must be constantly on the move between the 2 brain hemispheres, to move limbs on the opposite or contralateral side of the body, as it seems to have difficulty in using the 2 hemispheres together while remaining seated in either hemisphere, as a single vantage point.

Accordingly, during such activities as walking in zigzag fashion, the Ego will be compelled to switch brain hemispheres at very short intervals, because the limbs on the right side of the body are controlled by the left brain hemisphere, and vice versa.

(b) Again, for physical movements that are simple and regular, such as walking in a straight line, the cerebellum will be in control and then the Ego should be free to use whichever hemisphere may be the more appropriate for controlling the star playing hand or feet.

(3) Immobile or Sedentary Situation

For an immobile male who does not move hands or feet, there may be recognizable clues on which hemisphere is being used, because of a well-known division of labor between the 2 brain hemispheres, corresponding to the type of activity being pursued.

(a) If a person is engaged in reading, writing, speaking or reasoning, he is likely to be using the left side of the brain, because the native language areas are normally located in the left hemisphere.

(b) If a person is singing or engaged in music or verse, throwing out expletives, idioms and clichés, the language areas on the right side of the brain are probably being used. The same relationship should hold during exercises in mathematics and in artistic activities.

3. Ego prefers Left Hemisphere

(1) One may conclude that, with regard to the 2 brain hemispheres, the Ego may habitually occupy the left side, for the following reasons.

(a) About 90% of the population is right-handed, and inclined to use the right hand or foot as star player in daily chores and activities, particularly the fingers on the right hand, and this involves use of the left hemisphere.

(b) Because there is a high probability that the native language areas are located within the left hemisphere, if the person is engaged in language related activities including conversation (involving speaking and listening), reading, writing and logical thinking, the Ego will be accessing the left hemisphere.

(2) Situations where the Ego will happen to be in the right hemisphere may include, during musical and artistic activities, while traveling and moving about, especially in an unfamiliar neighborhood, and at times of emergency, involving high tension and stressfulness.

4. Id in Right Hemisphere

(1) Before WWI, during the Belle Epoque, there was an artistic movement called cubism, popular especially from 1908 to 1914. Cubists recognized geometric shapes such as circles, squares and triangles in landscape and still-life.

Pablo Picasso, inspired by African masks, applied this idea in portrait paintings. He was aware of left-right differences in facial expression and probably combined this with new ideas from psychoanalysis, claiming the existence of a subconscious part in the human mind and which must have created a big sensation in that age.

In Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907), a group of young women is portrayed, with their faces painted as a deformed collage of the left and right sides. There seem to be 2 entities residing in each woman, where each entity looks out of either eye. To Picasso, one of them must have been the Ego, and the other, the Id, and each eye must represent either spiritual entity.

(2) The lateralization of the Ego in the left hemisphere means that the opposite, right hemisphere tends to be left unused and accessible to the Id, the other spiritual entity.

Given the tendency of the Ego to be immersed in the left hemisphere for language activities over long hours, the Id must be able to access the right hemisphere for exactly the same number of hours. The Id must then be able to control facial expressions, especially around the left eye, using the network of facial nerves, in exactly the same way it is able to intervene in vocalization and pronunciation, sometimes leading to Freudian slips.

Since the appearance and expression of the left eye is under the control of the Id for much longer hours than by the Ego, the countenance and expressions on the left side of the face must basically reflect the proclivities of the Id, rather than the Ego.

Thus, it may be said that the left side of the face is a reflection of the Id and, for the same reasons, the right side, the Ego.

(3) Left Eye as a Center of Charm

(a)People would generally agree that the left and right sides of the face have a different countenance. As a general pattern, the left side of the face (as seen on the right side by an observer) tends to be more charming and sexually attractive.

In fact, this tendency is faithfully reproduced in portrait paintings of renown, such as the Birth of Venus, by Botticelli, Danae, by Klimt, Madame Henriot, by Renoir, and Girl with a Pearl Earring, by Vermeer.

(b) In fact, this trend is so consistently observed that, when the normal pattern is missing, there arises a mystery, as in Leonardo da Vinci’s famous painting “Mona Lisa” known for her enigmatic smile.

One may conclude that the left-right facial features are in reverse, and Leonardo, the renaissance artist known for his “mirror image” writing system, may have chosen to draw the model as an image reflected in a mirror because, when the painting is seen through a mirror, there appears a young woman with a coquettish expression on her face.

(c)In female portraits, the face is often presented at a slight angle, so that the left side of the face comes closer to the observer than the right side.

When models pose for portraits, they must turn their faces to the exact angle required by the artist, and this must lead to turning the naturally attractive, left side of the face toward the artist.

(d) In paintings depicting Madonna and Child, the mother often holds or embraces the baby on the left side of her body, so that the baby faces the naturally attractive, left side of the mother’s face, which is drawn with utmost care, to express motherly love and intimacy. As for the mother, she sees the baby mainly using her left eye, representing the Id, which must be at the root of the motherly instinct.

(e) In the classic traditions of continental Europe, men are taught to stand and walk on the left-hand side of their dates, as in social dancing.

Perhaps this custom originates from the man’s role in assisting his female companion as necessary, on the premise that men are likely to be more adept with the right hand. However, at the same time, this configuration may also permit the woman to show to the man, the naturally attractive left side of her face.

These observations are in line with the conclusions of a survey conducted by Dr. James Schirillo and Kelsey Blackburn, reported in Experimental Brain Research, in 2012, to the effect that the left side of the human face is generally more appealing to others than the right side.

(f) We can then make the educated guess that, since the greatest determinant of facial charm must be in the eyes, if the left side of the face is generally appealing to others, the ultimate cause must be the left eye.

Consequently, the Id must most often be in the right hemisphere and in control of the expressions around the left eye, lending a sexually appealing look conducive to courtship, and the Ego, in the left hemisphere, lending a more circumspect expression to the right eye.

The Id must lend an instinctive, feminine personality to the left half of the face; the right side of the face must reflect the workings of the Ego, lending it with a masculine personality.

5. Alternating Voices Mechanism

Here, we shall assume that in cases B and C, the Id makes an overt verbal or rhetorical appearance from time to time, to address people at will and without forewarning, thus replacing the Ego as main speaker.

For such purposes, they will be using the “alternating voices” mechanism, where the Id not only fine-tunes pronunciation and diction, but also makes a blatant appearance from time to time, to take the initiative in speaking out loud.

(1) The Id makes Inroads

(a) The Id, based in the limbic system, sometimes termed the “mammalian brain,” may extend its network into either of the brain hemispheres, if and when the Ego is away and long absent from that particular hemisphere.

(b) For example, if the Ego is immersed in the left hemisphere for logical computation and for language activities, and not using the right side of the brain, the right hemisphere may be accessed by the Id, and the speech areas on the right side, conventionally thought to be used for singing, music and verse, are also used for idiomatic expressions such as greetings, salutations, expletives and for the use of clichés.

(2) Speaker Transition (Ego→Id)

(a) When an individual is addressing children, family members, lovers and close of kin, or when one is faced with a possible threat to physical and emotional security, including in the presence of unfamiliar males, the Id may suddenly appear and become the main speaker.

(b)When this happens, the person undergoes a sudden change of mode that takes everyone by surprise. For one thing, the flow of words may become smoother and more articulate, because the Id itself fine-tunes pronunciation and diction.

(3) Singing

When singing, the Id, normally seated in the musical right hemisphere, may be involved from the outset, and be the one to make its voice heard.

In fact, the theme song from the musical production Phantom of the Opera (lyrics by Richard Stilgoe, Charles Hart, music by Andrew Lloyd Webber, 1986) seems to describe this in its lyrics. According to this song, the Phantom of the Opera must be, after all, the Id inside Christine’s mind that appears in her dreams and, when singing, joins her in a “strange duet” that involves combining the spirits and voices together, to produce a single voice.

6. Inborn Brain Chatter

(1) Furthermore, in cases B and C, particularly C, there may be a high incidence of brain chatter since childhood, so that their Ego and Id are in constant, inaudible conversation with each other.

Such individuals may benefit from a better cooperative relationship between the 2 spiritual entities lodged in opposite hemispheres of the brain, so that the 2 halves of the brain are used in integrated fashion.

This will lead to a higher linguistic ability through constant internal practice as well as stronger emotional resilience in solitude.

(2) If there is an alternating voices mechanism, this means that the Id will become speaker from time to time, during which speech will be based on animal instincts rather than on established codes of conduct.

With inborn brain chatter, however, the Ego can give direct advice to the Id, thus solving any problems due to the incompetence of the Id in moralistic thinking. After all, it is the Ego, not the Id, that has access to the prefrontal cortex that enables sophisticated thought including morals, ethics and philosophy.

These individuals may stand out from the rest of the crowd, become leading members of society and set the tone for others.

(3) Inborn brain chatter must occur without causing mental health problems, but despite habituation, the stress should accumulate and must be released from time to time. Consequently, these rare individuals may be the ones to show the most understanding to people who are suddenly exposed to brain chatter of a malignant nature well into their lives, because they can well imagine the predicament and stressfulness.

(4) Furthermore, females tend to be sympathetic, because they must also face an over-presence of the Id in their daily lives, and that may be why behavior patterns and habits typical of females seem to help males suffering from brain chatter.

Male and Female Psychology (男女の心理学)

Male and Female Psychology (男女の心理学)

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更新日
登録日 2020-03-25

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